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2022 Household Employment Coming Changes

Posted by HomeWork Solutions on 12/29/21 2:38 PM
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Updated 29 December 2021

Every year HomeWork Solutions prepares a summary of new or updated household employment tax laws and benefit information.


The IRS annually reviews, and adjusts as necessary, the wage payment threshold that obligates a family to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes.  These tax withholdings are reported annually on a W-2.  This threshold will increase to $2,400 for 2022.


Minimum wage under federal law remains at $7.25/hr, but states and local governments continue to set and increase minimum wage requirements at the local level.  Be sure you check out minimum wage and other requirements in your state before you negotiate a contract with your employee.  Consider how offering a total compensation package including benefits may help both you and your employee minimize taxes. 


The IRS allows an employer to reimburse healthcare costs to their employee tax free via two Healthcare Reimbursement plans, subject to program guidelines. Qualified Small Employer Healthcare Reimbursement Arrangement(QSEHRA) is capped at $5,450 for individuals or $11,050 for a family in 2022.  The Individual Coverage Health Reimbursement Arrangement(ICHRA) has no cap, but employers must ensure that their plan meets affordability rules.  For either HRA, the employer must have a written plan (we have you covered there) and the amount of reimbursement offered must be noted on the W-2 form to remain tax free.  

> Request a Free QSEHRA Plan Template

> Visit our partners at Take Command Health if you are interested in HRA Administration


Employers may provide a mass transit tax free reimbursement of up to $280 monthly to their household employee, or a monthly reimbursement of up to $280 for parking.


Fourteen states  plus Washington, DC now require some form of paid sick leave, safe leave, or family medical leave.  Some states have created Paid Family and Medical Leave programs funded by payroll taxes, while others have have advanced regulations that offer PAID leave to employees of smaller employers. In general these laws allow time off to deal with both the employee’s illness and medical appointments, and those of family members. Most laws require employees to make a reasonable effort to schedule paid leave so as not to unduly disrupt the operations of the employer.  In other words, notice of medical appointments should be ample and, when possible, scheduled close to the beginning or end of the day.  Read more about paid leave laws in your state.

Federal mandates for paid leave related to the Coronavirus Pandemic have expired, but many states now require paid or unpaid leave for employees to get tested, vaccinated, or to quarantine in the event of illness or exposure.  Practically speaking, offering this leave is good for household employers, as employees without paid leave are more likely to come to work while ill and to risk getting others sick.


The 2022 IRS mileage reimbursement rate has increased to 58.5 cents per mile, up 2.5 cents from the prior year. Business use for a household employee may include running errands for the family and transporting children or a senior to appointments, activities and school. Routine commuting between your home and place of work is NOT considered business use, and is not typically reimbursed. If any commuting is reimbursed, this is considered taxable wages. The IRS reminds taxpayers "It is important to note that under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, taxpayers cannot claim a miscellaneous itemized deduction for unreimbursed employee travel expenses." HWS recommends that mileage reimbursement be included as part of the employee's work agreement when an employee's personal vehicle is used for work purposes.


An increasing number of states and cities are requiring household employers to provide a written employment agreement at the time of hire outlining wages and benefits in English, and a language the household employee understands, if not English. Many other states and localities require that employers disclose in writing pay rates, either via a separate written notice or by outlining on a pay stub.  Be sure to visit our tip sheets for household employment rules in your state.


Currently 21 states and 21 local governments have salary history bans in place. To find out if you are covered by a salary history ban check here.  

Several states also require employers to post salary ranges with any listed position to provide transparency and prevent discrimination in wage negotiations.  You should always post your expected salary range to ensure that candidates who apply are a good match for the skills required and compensation offered.

Compliance with legal payroll tax laws is time consuming for household employers. Find out why so many families outsource this activity to HomeWork Solutions' household payroll tax compliance service.

Topics: nanny, agency, senior, CPA

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